Recently, vegetarian diets have experienced an increase in popularity. A vegetarian diet is associated with many health benefits because of its higher content of fiber, folic acid, vitamins C and E, potassium, magnesium, and many phytochemicals and a fat content that is more unsaturated. Compared with other vegetarian diets, vegan diets tend to contain less saturated fat and cholesterol and more dietary fiber. Vegans tend to be thinner, have lower serum cholesterol, and lower blood pressure, reducing their risk of heart disease. However, eliminating all animal products from the diet increases the risk of certain nutritional deficiencies. Micronutrients of special concern for the vegan include vitamins B and D, calcium, and long-chain n-3 omega-3 fatty acids. Unless vegans regularly consume foods that are fortified with these nutrients, appropriate supplements should be consumed.
The effect of vegetarian diets on iron status in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Wersching, H. While unprocessed forms of soy may be okay for some people, processed forms of soy are commonly found in a vegan diet, including tofu, soy milk, and soy-based processed foods sold as meat substitutes. Microbiome 4, 57 Many diseases can be traced back to an imbalance of the Glick-Bauer, M. Sunlight, UV-radiation, vitamin D and skin cancer: how much sunlight do we need? Unusual sub-genus associations of faecal Prevotella and Bacteroides with specific dietary patterns. In summary, the long-term health of vegetarians appears to be generally good, and for some diseases and medical conditions it may be better than that of comparable omnivores. Brain iron is associated with accelerated cognitive decline in people with Alzheimer pathology.
Hi there! Long-term weight loss maintenance. Iron-deficient anemia is the most common nutritional deficiency in the world, and both vegans and vegetarians are at higher risk of this condition 3. Ros E. The authors found a specific microbiotic profile, particularly defined by Actinobacteria phylum abundance, that was associated with microstructural properties in the hypothalamus and in the caudate nucleus. Since vitamin B12 is only available in animal foods, vegans are at a much higher risk of developing a deficiency in this vital nutrient 4. Revisiting vitamin C and cancer.