A year-old female with grade 3 obesity body mass index BMI Work-up revealed heart failure with depressed left ventricular systolic function. Guideline directed medical therapy for heart failure was also utilized. Over five and a half months, she lost Her left ventricular systolic function normalized. Although causality cannot be determined, this case highlights the potential role of a plant-based diet in helping to reverse heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. This article will review how a minimally processed whole food plant-based dietary pattern and similar dietary patterns, such as the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension diet, may contribute to the reversal of left ventricular dysfunction. Venous duplex revealed no deep venous thrombosis and an X-Ray revealed lower extremity atherosclerosis with no fracture. She was sent to a cardiologist. Electrocardiogram demonstrated normal sinus rhythm and a left bundle branch block.
Evidence supporting the role of nutrition in heart failure HF incidence and severity is growing. A comprehensive search of online databases was conducted using relevant keywords to identify human studies including diet and HF. Several other plant-based dietary patterns, including low-fat diets and the rice diet, also show promise. Higher dietary quality, as assessed using different scores, seems to provide protective qualities. Some evidence suggests detrimental effects of dairy products and poultry, but more research is needed. Potential mechanisms for this include decreased oxidative stress, homocysteine and inflammation levels, as well as higher antioxidant defence and nitric oxide bioavailability with gut microbiome modulation. Well-designed randomised, controlled nutrition intervention trials specific to HF are urgently required.
More people are living with this disease than ever before and numbers are steadily rising. The heart acts as a pump pushing blood round the body, which supplies oxygen and nutrients to all cells and removes waste products. The average adult has about eight pints of blood which the heart continuously circulates by beating around , times a day. The heart and the blood vessels arteries, veins and capillaries make up our circulatory system called the cardiovascular system. CVD such as heart disease and stroke occurs when there is a build up of fatty deposits plaques on the inside walls of the arteries. These plaques can clog up the arteries making them narrower and restricting the blood flow in the same way that sewerage pipes get blocked when people pour animal fat down the plughole! Reduced blood flow to the heart can then lead to chest pain and discomfort angina. A blood clot in the coronary artery may cut off the blood supply to the heart, which can then result in a heart attack and sudden death.