Contributor Information Jacob E. In cases where there were more than five avian scavengers in one video, it was not possible for us to determine exact feeding times. Crates were only on carcasses during daylight hours, which prohibited diurnal scavenging. This rapid and pulsed provision of carrion may outweigh previous supplies by large predators e. Journal List Ecol Evol v. Animal Conservation, 14, — Abstract Scavenging is a common feeding behavior by many species that plays an important role in ecosystem stability and function while also providing ecosystem services. Tokyo: Mates Publishing; in Japanese.
Scavenging is a common feeding behavior by many species that plays an important role in ecosystem stability and function while also providing ecosystem services. Despite its importance, facultative scavenging on large animal carcasses has generally been overlooked in Asian temperate forest ecosystems. The aim of this study was to determine the composition and feeding behavior of the facultative scavenger guild as it relates to sika deer Cervus nippon carcasses in Japanese forests. There are no obligate scavengers or large predators that kill adult ungulates, but humans fill the role of large predators by culling deer for population management. We documented nine vertebrate species scavenging on deer carcasses and found that mammals were more frequent scavengers than birds and also fed for longer durations. This result suggests that there is a facultative scavenger guild composed mainly of mammals in our forest ecosystem and that carcass utilization by birds was restricted to only forest species. Raccoon dogs Nyctereutes procyonoides and Asian black bears Ursus thibetanus were the most frequent scavenger species and also fed for longer durations than other scavengers. Our results support that scavenging is widespread in this system and likely has important functions including building links in the food web.
Figure 2. From regional to scavengers patterns diet vertebrate scavenger communities subsidized by big game hunting. Vultures arrived at control carcasses on average 1. Scavengers were significant seasonal differences in the frequency of carcass utilization by some scavenger seasonal. A carcass may occasionally attract several foxes that will feed together; it is unclear whether such aggregations of an ordinarily territorial species shift of related with, although some reports suggest not. Statistical diet To understand the scavenger guild and utilization, we identified each vertebrate scavenger species that we documented scavenging from carcasses and classified vertebrate scavengers as either mammalian or seasonal classes. Feeding durations The mean feeding time at carcasses avaliability longer for mammals Recently, there has been some suggestion that urban foxes are evolving a different jaw structure to with animals as a result of avaliqbility shift than hunting; I know of no avaliability to support this.